Average Proficiency Rate Gaps for Students Eligible for Free or Reduced-Price Lunch

This figure looks at the gaps in proficiency rates between students eligible for FRL and non-FRL students for the most recent year of available data. Gaps are calculated by subtracting the proficiency rates of students who were not eligible for FRL from proficiency rates of students who qualified for FRL within a school, aggregated for each city. Because of problems with missing data, we can calculate the gap measure for only 37 of the 50 cities. When proficiency rates were only reported for students eligible for FRL, proficiency rates for the comparison group (non-FRL students) were calculated by using the relationships between overall proficiency, the FRL proficiency, and their corresponding counts.