Share of Students Receiving Out-of-School Suspensions, 2011-2012
We use school-level survey data from the U.S. Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights’ (OCR) CRDC on out-of-school suspensions in 2011-2012. OCR data offers the best available information on student discipline nationwide, but since behaviors that warrant suspensions can differ between cities, direct comparisons between cities should be made with caution (note: we excluded Philadelphia, New York City, and San Francisco because of concerns about data quality, such as reporting zero out-of-school suspensions). We calculated the rates based on the reported number of students who received one or more out-of-school suspensions, and we counted students with multiple suspensions only once. We divided school counts by school enrollments to calculate rates for schools and then we averaged these rates across all schools in the city.